November 15, 2020
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Are these Linda’s keys? The employee has done an outstand job this year. 3. Can you turn on the light. 所有格代名詞 possessive pronouns 用來代替前面所說過的名詞,並表達這個名詞是屬於. While you’re out, can you get me a paper? I was born and grew up in Taipei, which is the capital of Taiwan. 有一些其他的名詞如example,形容詞如additional,副詞如too,介系詞片語等。. B: Well, we’ll have to phone ________ airline. She bought a necklace for her mother. Lots of airlines fly there. I worked from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. yesterday. c. another一定是單數,後面不可以加複數名詞。I met another people. Tom has a stomachache because he ate five hamburgers. Past Participle (V3) 動詞過去分詞: I have worked hard. Can I have a beer? 名詞 Nouns                                     Jessie Lin   P.4, child-children, person-people, woman-women, mouse-mice, a.當名詞字尾是無聲子音如/k/, /p/, /t/,/θ/時,加s後,應讀做/s/。, b.當名詞字尾是有聲子音如/r/, /n/, /l/,/d/等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。, c.當名詞字尾為/s/, /z/, / ʃ /, / tʃ /, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ ɪz/。要注意的是,看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如place就是這一類。, bus-buses, house-houses, quiz-quizzes, dish-dishes, watch-watches, page-pages, 名詞 Nouns                                     Jessie Lin   P.5, 不可數名詞:要數不可數名詞的時候常會用一些計量詞measure words,比方說形狀shapes,份量portions,容器containers,計量單位measurements來數。, 複數:在計量單位前加數量,計量單位字尾加s,如:two glasses of wine. 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.21, 英文的介係詞不會單獨存在,一般後面會加名詞或代名詞組合成介係詞片語。介係詞片語可以當形容詞或副詞用,可表達時間、方位、空間、因果等等。, 英文的介係詞用法跟中文差很多,有些大規則如時間、方位等常用的可以先記住,其他的慣用法可能要一一記,學一個單字的時候很重要的是留意搭配的介係詞的用法,有時候用錯介係詞,意思就會完全不同喔。所以介係詞也是相當重要的喔。, 1. in 在(裡面)  2. at 在某個地方  3. inside 在裡面 4.  in front of  在前面       5. behind 在後面 6. between 在中間  7. next to 在旁邊  8. near 在附近    9. by 在附近  10. beside 在旁  11. on  在上面,東西的表面 12. above 在上面 (高於…)  13. over 在上面(高於…), 穿越,從一邊到另一邊  14. under  在下面  15. below  在下面(有一段距離)  16. across  橫過,對面      17. across from  對面   18. opposite  在對面 19. in the corner 在角落     20. on the corner of A and B 在A與B的轉  21. in the center of 在…的中間 22. in the front of   在… 的前面  23. in the back of   在…的後面                  24. on the right side of  在…的右邊  25. to the left of 在…的左邊          26. in the middle of  在中間      27. beyond  在… 再過去的遠處, 28. around  環繞  29. along  沿著   30. against  緊靠著,倚, on the wall/ceiling/floor/ground/grass/table. 形容詞 (adjectives):用來形容、描述、說明一個名詞或代名詞。形容詞多放在修飾的名詞前或放在連綴動詞後。形容詞有正面的形容詞,負面的形容詞,有比較級,有最高級。, 如:hot, Taiwanese, her, that, some, whose…. I am busy this weekend.She goes dancing every Friday night.Tom is going to see a dentist later. I don’t have many books.I don’t have any books. There’s a convenience store at the end of the street. 三種子句的簡介 6. means-two means, one series-two series, one species-two All the students love _him_____. I lived in Tainan. 介係詞 (prepositions):用來表達兩件事物的關係,如位置、方向、空間、時間或因果等。後面一定要加名詞或代名詞結合成介係詞片語。, 如:about, around, in, on under, of, under, with, between, for… 等。. 當名詞字尾是無聲子音如/k/, /p/, /t/,/θ/時,加s後,應讀做/s/。, book-books, lake-lakes, map-maps, student-students, month-months, 2. He was talking on the phone while he was driving. 四種句子  5. 10. Sara ate the other apple. believe. 1 比方說在水裡游的魚 fish 是可數的 a fish, two fish (單複數同型),但是桌上的魚肉 fish 是不可數的,地上走的雞 a chicken, two chickens 是可數的,但是桌上的雞肉 chicken 就是不可數的,前面可以加 some 。, 2 另外蛋糕,披薩,西瓜等作為可數的話都是指一整個 a cake, a pizza, a watermelon,但是切開來一片一片的時候是不可數的,要數的時候要用 slice 或 piece 去數, a piece of cake, a slice of pizza, a piece of watermelon, 3 通常可數名詞是比較確切的 specific ,不可數名詞是比較一般性的 general. 文章的元素  4. 房間 / There’s not much room in my suitcase. Get speed, security, and privacy with the new Microsoft Edge . 集合名詞為人時,多半為可數,如一個班級 a class,一個家庭 a family,一群觀眾 an audience,當把所有人視為一個整體時接單數動詞,重點放在所有的每個成員時則接複數動詞。也會有例外。而美式英語多把集合名詞接單數動詞。表達人的集合名詞如:family, team, club, class, crew, audience, committee, 事物或抽象概念的集合名詞則多為不可數。如:furniture, baggage, luggage, clothing, jewelry, music, poetry, food, … 等。. That’s their fault. I bought some books. 份量:a slice of bread, a piece of cake, a bowl of soup, 容器:a can of beans, a bottle of milk, a container of yogurt, 計量單位:a teaspoon of salt, a pound of sugar, 可數名詞也可以用計量單位來數。這時候用的都會是複數名詞,字尾要加s。表達兩個以上的數量時,則計量詞跟複數名詞都要加s。, 名詞 Nouns                                     Jessie Lin   P.6, a加在字首為子音的名詞前:a dog, a meal, a phone, a uniform, an加在字首為母音發音的名詞前:an orange, an umbrella, an honor, 要表達可數單數名詞只有一個時可以在前面加a或an。a加在子音為首的單字前,an加在母音為字首的單字前。母音字母有五個a,e,i,o,u。一般可以看字首的字母來決定加a或an,但是會有少數字母會不發音如: an hour,或可能是不發音,或有些母音字母可能發子音的音,如:a university。些字母可能不發音或是發子音的音,所以還是要依照發音來決定。, 定冠詞the常用來表示限定的,特定的人事物。可以加可數單數名詞,可數複數名詞或不可數名詞。, 2.當我們提到一個名詞的第一次時常會用a, an,再一次提到的時候因為彼此都知道了,所以是特定的,就會用the。. All the students love ______. 4. 紙, Can I have a glass of water? It’s too dark. <ポイント> ①O=Cの関係が成り立つ ②使える動詞が限られている. Although I can’t help admiring the man’s courage, I do not approve of. 5.主詞 + 及物動詞 + 直接受詞 + 受詞補語 (S + V + O + OC), Subject + Transitive Verb + Direct Object + Objective Complement. (      S   V           )             —adjective clause, (  S    V            )         —adjective clause. We often go for a walk in the afternoon.Jessie usually works in the evenings. 4. I went to elementary school until __________ , until ___________. It’s me. She lives on Oak Street. 5, 5. Are those glasses yours? My name is Jessie Lin. 3. She felt her heart beating fast. The pandas are eating _their____ food. Copyright© 對等連接詞與轉折語用法。這次上課的有 7. They’ll be here soon. 20. My family last went on vacation together in ______, when ______________________. size + age + color + nationality + material, a new, green bag/a big French house/a small wooden table, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.26, a.  one of +the/所有格形容詞 +複數名詞,用來表達很多東西當中的一個. = The secretary made a cup of coffee for the boss. 夢は競技かるたで生きていく。. when + clause with a specific point in time. Look! The moon goes round the earth, and the earth goes round the sun. He’s got two homes – one is in London and the other (one) is in Florida. 5. (    S   V        )        —adjective clause, 形容詞子句又叫關係子句。而放在最前面帶領形容詞子句的字就叫做關係代名詞,如that、what、who、when、where、whose等。通常做為受詞的關係代名詞如which、whom、that,可以省略,可是在限定子句時又不能省。名詞與副詞子句都有who、what、where這些疑問詞,所以容易混淆。其實只要注意子句本身的功能與修飾的對象,應該就可以分得很清楚了。. 2. 時間, I need a room. 報紙 / I need some paper. 1. No, they’re not _______. I usually get up at 8 o’clock.She starts work at 8.30. She sells seashells on the seashore. ___________ they came to San Francisco. Complete the sentences with time expressions so they are true for you. Where do you usually go ____ New Year’s Eve? law, laws, day-days, 3. If you're having problems opening Internet Explorer, make sure it's set as your default browser and pin it to your Start screen and taskbar. 11 Can you lend me some money? Her family stayed there _________ she was six. There are two flights. Don’t tell them. 1. 視為整體,所以用單數動詞, My family are all baseball fans. 4. 當名詞字尾為/s/, /z/, / ʃ /, / tʃ /, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ ɪz/。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如place就是這一類。, bus-buses, house-houses, quiz-quizzes, 分詞片語 Participle Phrase 分詞構句 Participle Clause, 8.1.6 Introduction to Academic Writing WA, above allfirst and foremostmost importantly. criterion-criteria, phenomenon-phenomena, fungus-fungi. 5. 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.12, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.14. OをCの状態にしておく let. 3. Ling lived in Sao Paulo _______ six years. I live on Main Road. ___They______ are our new neighbors. The entire staff has done an outstanding job this year. Tom thinks Mary is wonderful. / Can you lend me ten thousand dollars? My name is Jessie Lin. Someone has/have just reported a robbery. In North America, brides wear “something old, something new. Are these Linda’s keys? the other+複數名詞/the other ones/the others 可以表示同類的物品. Will you have _________ chance to take the exam? The system is not only complicated but also inefficient. B: Yes, but ___________ are on their way. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. 第5文型の注意点は、目的語と補語が等しい関係ってことを理解しましょう。 He(S) made(V) me(O) angry(C). Sorry, I have to go now. 『考え方をシンプルに、自分自身をアップデート』を信念として、英語をシンプルかつ論理的に扱っています。 2. 4. the air, in a car, in a hurry, in trouble, in danger, in a good mood. on the plane/train/bus/MRT/boat/ferry/ship/MRT/bike/motorcycle, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.22, on a diet, on fire, on duty, on purpose, on sale, on business, on vacation,           on my own, on loan, on a trip, on campus, on the second floor, in the road, in the mirror, in bed, in hospital, in prison, in your tea, in. 對等連接詞 coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, yet, so, 從屬連接詞 subordinating conjunctions: if, before, because, when, 關係連接詞 correlative conjunctions: either…or, neither…nor, both…and, whether…or, not only…but also, noun clause 名詞子句 that Tom ate five hamburgers, adjective clause 形容詞子句 who ate five hamburgers, adverb clause 副詞子句 because Tom ate five hamburgers. How do you feel ______ every Monday morning? B: It has two main offices. 五個基本巨型, 3. student-students, month-months, 2. Hello. OをCだと思う think. B: Yes, on my ________ visit to this country last year, I went to Taichung. My father shaves every morning before he goes to work. 19. Tom, who ate five hamburgers, has a stomachache. An apple a day keeps the doctor away. 4. 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.17, 受詞一般放在動詞的後面。中文的I跟me都一樣是 ”我”,所以容易弄混淆。一個英文句子一定有主詞跟動詞,只要記住動詞前用主格代名詞,動詞後(有時是介係詞後)用受格代名詞就不會錯了。S+V+O, 所有格形容詞possessive adjectives放在名詞前面,用來表達該名詞是屬於誰的。所以所有格形容詞後面一定會加名詞。, 所有格代名詞possessive pronouns用來代替前面所說過的名詞,並表達這個名詞是屬於某人的。中文的my跟mine都一樣是”我的”,所以容易弄混淆。所有格代名詞本身已是名詞,所以後面一定不可以再接名詞。, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.18, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.19. My father is very tall. It was raining but they still went to the park. I cooked some pasta. This is Mary and ____ husband on _______ wedding day. X  16. on  17. on  18. on  19. in, 基礎文法L5 名詞與代名詞                        Jessie Lin   P.31, 22. in  23. in  24. at  25. in  26. on  27. at  28. at  29. at 30. on  31. at 32. in, 1. another  2. other  3. others  4. other  5. another  6. another, 7. another  8. the other  9. other  10. others  11. He bought an expensive painting. species. / There are some engineers in my company. 5. tomato-tomatoes, potato-potatoes, zoo-zoos. It’s not appropriate to take your shoes off at the door. Do you have a lot of books?Do you have any books? __________ I’m not sure my answers are right, you can copy them down. 2. time expression + ago (a week ago, seven years ago). 1. I was feeling hungry. Select the Programs tab, and then choose Make default. / He is good at painting.

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